"Introvert" and "extrovert"

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"Introvert" and "extrovert"

Post  counselor on Mon Oct 15, 2012 11:19 am

"Introvert" and "extrovert"

"Introvert" and "extrovert" are words that we all use to describe the character of a person. But, as is often the case for the terms entered into common use, we ignore the exact origin. How many know that "extroverted" and "introverted" indicate two psychological types that have been theorized by Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung (1875-1961), along with Sigmund Freud, the founding father of modern psychology? Jung mentions them for the first time in the book Psychological Types, 1925, which shows the result of twenty years of research on the specificities that make up the individual character.


Extroverted and Introverted

Important premise: the aura of negativity surrounding the word "introvert", typical of contemporary culture is, in fact, an invention of our time. In the doctrine of Jung is entirely absent. The terms "extroverted" and "introverted" are not used to make a judgment, but to distinguish between two different ways of relating to the outside world, what Jung calls the object.


Subject and Object

Are subjected to things and people outside of the subject, the individual.
The extrovert has a positive relationship with the object: the observed and studied all the circumstances and tries to adapt to them as much as possible. The extrovert seeks the approval of others and tends to make judgments not too different from those of the group.
The introverted instead tends to stay away from the object, because it is more interested in his inner world. Unlike dell'estroverso, his energies are directed outwards, but focus on the individual dimension. More than with words and deeds - the preferred size from extravert - feels comfortable with emotions and thoughts. Love solitude, has an attitude tends to be shy and wary and pessimistic.



Feeling, Thinking, Feeling and Intuition

The dichotomy Extraversion-Introversion identifies two general aptitudes and opposed. In addition to these, Jung identifies four main psychic functions: Feeling, Thinking, Feeling and Intuition. Each of these shows a different way of relating to the world. The interaction of attitude and dominant mental function can be defined at least eight main psychological types, the Practical Guide to Psychology (Daniela Tosi, ed. Ursa Major) summarizes:

1. Sentimental Extrovert: diplomatic, expansive and very sociable, fits easily in any kind of group.
2. Sentimental introvert: quiet, reserved, often melancholy, lives exclusively without express feelings outside.
3. Extroverted Thinker: reformer, moralizing, for him only count the facts and little or no theories.
4. Introverted Thinker: reflective, closed to the outside world, pursues abstract thought and is completely indifferent to the object.

5. Sensory Extrovert: esthete, in search of life's pleasures, realistic and jolly, believes only in facts and tangible.
6. Sensory Introvert: soul of an artist, for he has only his own subjectivity through which interprets and relates to the world around them.

7. Intuitive Extrovert: opportunistic, dynamic, driven by a strong business acumen and a high charge of enthusiasm.
8. Intuitive Introvert: dreamer is one who more than anyone else believes in the power of imagination.
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