Attachment

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Attachment

Post  counselor on Mon Oct 15, 2012 10:56 am

Attachment

A term used in psychoanalysis to indicate the strong emotional bond that unites the child to the mother, described by Freud as incomparable and unalterable as the first and strongest love object, which will serve as a prototype for all later love relationships in both sexes. The formation of a. is the most important event that occurs at the hearing, which is dominated by the privileged dyadic relationship with the mother of the child spends a good amount of libidinal energy. It is the concept of a. emotional attachment to his mother introduced by Freud to guide the work of Spitz (1945) on the disturbed relationship between mother and child, a source of mental illness of the child. The most important contribution to the theory of a. however, is the pioneering work of Bowlby (1958), which defines a. as any form of behavior that leads a person to achieve or maintain closeness with another individual or differentiated favorite, regarded as stronger or more experienced and identifies the origin of the environment in which humans evolved with high risks for its survival of the newborn and in the consequent need to be protected by an adult figure reference. The experimental research of Bowlby and those of Harlow (1975) have shown that the need for a. is independent of the need for nutrition, because the mother, beyond the food and materials for the biological survival of the child, provides their care, their presence, in short, a containment relationship. It is the a. early social between the child and those who deal with him, according to Bowlby, the crucial element for normal development, creating a brick for the construction of each subsequent emotional bond. Important research on the development of a. were carried out by Winnicott (1953, 1974): normal and disturbed by the relations between mother and child in the way it progressively becomes emancipated.


Attachment [reactive disorder of early childhood]

Disorder of care, interaction and social relations caused by a markedly inappropriate care of the child, with neglect of the emotional and physical needs or rapidly changing figures that carers. Before five years highlights the persistent failure to initiate or respond adequately to most social interactions, with answers excessively inhibited, hypervigilant or ambivalent expressions and indiscriminate familiarity with people relatively unknown. The disorder can result in a framework of non-growth. The differential diagnosis is with pervasive developmental disorders, mental retardation, severe neurological abnormalities and psychosocial dwarfism. The treatment is based on hospitalization, psychosocial support services, counseling, education in mother-child relationship.
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